Ebrach Abbey

The Abbey of Ebrach was founded in 1127 in the Middle Ebrach Valley. The daughter of Morimond is the oldest right-rhine monastery of the Cistercian Order and experienced its first flowering under Abbot Adam in the 12th century.
In 1136 there were already seven Grangien, until 1158 six daughter sitouts took place. From the 13th to the 15th century, there was a comprehensive expansion of property and feudal ownership. Ebrach grew into one of the wealthiest monasteries in Franconia, with the Prince-Bishop’s Office of Würzburg as lord of the state.
In 1803 the monastery was dissolved and today houses a juvenile detention centre.The core property of the monastery Of Ebrach extended in the northern Steigerwald in the Mönchgau, which roughly corresponds to the area of today’s administrative community of Ebrach. The so-called Möncheigen with the official town of Sulzheim and surrounding villages was located in the old-populated Steigerwald foreland, to the east adjoining the official town of Oberschwappach. Other important headquarters and wine-growing sites were Mainstockheim (since 1136) and Elgersheim (since 1178). Ebrach’s possessions also existed between Nuremberg and Schwabach on both sides of the Rednitz. Some of the farms lay like a ring around the abbey, including the Waldschwinder Hof (since 1154).

Under Abbot Alberich Degen (1658-1686) and his successors, in particular Wilhelm Sölner (1714 to 1741), ebrach flourished again. Official and municipal courtyards, not least many village churches, were rebuilt. The Ebrach monks were influential in terms of cultural landscape, especially through wine and silviculture. Sheep farming was also of great importance. The forests around Ebrach are the result of the monastic work, the mixed deciduous forest with a high beech content is still characteristic of the region.